Lively 10th Anniversary of KN-RCI

14 01 2008

RESPONSIBLE CARE® SUPPORTING CHEMICAL INDUSTRY TO SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

  • The 4th National Responsible Care® Conference And Exhibition 2007
  • The 2nd Responsible Care Award 2007
  • Minister Of Industry Of The Republic Indonesia:
    • Responsible care is one of key and measurable factors to support the increase in the chemical industry performance.
    • KN-RCI is Government’s Partner in industrial building, establishment and development especially in safety, health and environment management.
    • Chemical industry company should be and are highly demanded to apply the Responsible care for attainment of sustainable development.

Jakarta(RC News, November 29, 2007)
The Minister of Industry represented by Fauzi Aziz, Inspector General of the Ministry of Industry granted Award to the champion of “Indonesia Responsible Care Award 2007” in Jakarta, Indonesia Wednesday, November 28, 2007.
Award organizing already held twice since 2003 was initiated by the “Komite Nasional Responsible Care Indonesia (KN-RCI)” and fully supported by the Ministry of Industry.

Trophy contested from left to right Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum contested in esponsible Care Award 2007.

This award is an appreciation to the achievement in chemical industry in applying the ethic standard, the best practice in implementation of Responsible Care. The criteria of appraisal in this award “competition” was based on the attainment of chemical industry ethic standard in Work Safety, Health and Environment (K3) management, contained in the practical ethic code of Responsible Care cover 6 codes consisting of:
Community Awareness and Emergency Response (CAER) code, Process Safety code, Pollution Prevention code, Employee Health & Safety Code, and Product Stewardship code. The Jury or verifier is from the chemical industry and professionals having competency in their respective field. Verification team or the Jury Board made selection in-depth as of the launching of KN-RCI Award in April to end of October. The evaluation process phase includes site inspection to the companies.
The first champion was gained by PT BASF Indonesia, followed by PT Nippon Shokubai Indonesia gaining Silver Award and PT Bayer Material Science gaining Bronze Award.

Secretary General and Executive Director of KN-RCI, Setyabudhi Zuber announced company names of the champion of Responsible Care award 2007 in the 4th NRCC & Exhibition 2007, at the Ritz Carton Jakarta, November 28, 2007

Therefore, the General Champion was PT BAS Indonesia and it was entitled to Platinum Award as the alternating award contested biannually. The three companies had performed all codes well, received Placard and Certificate of Excellent signed and granted by the Minister of Industry of the Republic of Indonesia.
The Award from KN-RCI was granted to the company successfully fulfilling criteria of excellence for each code, namely:
Employee Health & Safety Code (PT Dupont agricultural Product Indonesia, DAPI), Community Awareness Emergency Response or CARE Code (PT Pupuk Sriwidjaya Palembang, PUSRI), Process Safety Code(PT Pupuk Kujang), Pollution Prevention Code (PT Syngenta Indonesia), Distribution Safety Code (PT ICI Paints Indonesia) and Product Stewardship Code (PT Nalco Indonesia).

From left to right, Mr. Endi Muslim, KN-RCI Presidium member, Mr. Fauzi Aziz, Inspector General of the Ministry of Industry represent Minister of Industry and Mr. Frank Moniaga, KN-RCI Chairperson (most left) photo together champion of Platinum, Gold, Silver, and bronze Award. From left to right Mr. Henry Choo, President Director and CEO PT BASF Indonesia, Mr. Hirano President Director of PT Nippon Shokubai Indonesia, Mr. Izhar Director of PT Bayer MaterialScience Indonesia.

It is expected that this Responsible Care Award program is able to stimulate small-medium scale (SME) companies, as well as other chemical industries to apply Responsible Care. The Responsible Care Award in this year was sponsored by PT room and Haas Indonesia. PR Dow Chemical Indonesia stated it preparedness to become main sponsor in the Responsible Care Award in 2009.
The award was granted in the 4th National Responsible Care Conference 2007 to commemorate 10th Anniversary of The Responsible Care in Indonesia simultaneously celebrating the 10th Anniversary of KN-RCI. This National Conference on Responsible Care was attended by 170 participants including 40 President Directors and CEO of chemical industry groups, national, multinational, and supporting industries, from universities, government agency and counterparts of KN-RCI from Japan, the Netherlands and China.

Keynote address of the Minister of Industry of the Republic of Indonesia was addressed by Fauzi Aziz, Inspector General of the Ministry of Industry.

The Minister of Industry in his Keynote address conveyed by Fauzi Aziz, Inspector General of the Ministry of Industry confirmed that the Ministry of Industry not only acknowledges the existence of Responsible Care and the KN-RCI forum, but farther considers the Responsible Care supporting as on of factors in increasing the performance of chemical industries and simultaneously placing KN-RCI as the Government’s counterpart in development, building and improvement of industry, especially in the health, safety and environment management. This condition of course must be able to be maintained anddeveloped further in the future.
To the actors of chemical industry, the Minister emphasized the importance to apply the Responsible Care to attain long-term sustainable development in 3 encountering globalization. The government must continuously take many efforts amon other through regulation allowing the industry actors to meet the two missions namely creating added value and seriouslytaking into account their wor health, safety and environment aspects.

Welcome speech by Endi Muslim, KN-RCI Executive Board Committee member

Mr. Djatnika Puradinata, Chairman of the Indonesian Chemical Engineers Institute (BKK-PII), talked about the challenges encountered by chemical industry in attaining the vision of 2030.

Frank Moniaga, KN-RCI Chairperson described the 10-year trip of KN-RCI, the success and challenges encountered by the Responsible Care in supporting “Continuity of Chemical Industry, for the better future.

The national conference on Responsible Care also discussed about the compliance with the government regulation to attain sustainable development, global harmonized system (GHS), global heating, challenges and opportunities for the industry. The Responsible Care itself is an initiative of the chemical industries voluntarily reflecting their commitment to public that the chemical industries are responsible for making increase in performance continuously relating to the work health, safety and environment. This Responsible Care has been adopted by global chemical industry association in 5 countries.
Last October the number increased to 53 countries by joining of Russia, afte in the annual conference on International Responsible Care in Paris, the Russian chemical industries association was officially accepted as a new member of international organization RCLG- Responsible Care Leadership Group.

From left to right, Frank Moniaga, President Director & CEO PT Arbe Styrindo, Djatnika Puradinata, President Director & CEO PT Medco Methanol Bunyu, and Sri Aditya, Director of PT Akzo Nobel Car Refinishes Indonesia as new members of KN-RCI signed commitment to implement Responsible Care.

Commemorating the 10th anniversary of KN-RCI before the end of 2007, officially there were 3 (three) new members joining namely PT Arbe Styrindo (Regional Management III), PT Medco Methanol Bunyu and PT Akzo Nobel Car Refinishes Indonesia. Therefore members of KN-RCI currently are 75 companies consisting of 63 chemical industry companies as full member and 12 logistic service companies as associate member.
In early of its establishment on October 23, 1997, KN-RCI was only supported by 14 companies as founders, and there were 29 companies when KN-RCI was officially accepted as member of Global Responsible Care (RCLG) in annual Conference in Sao Paolo Brazil, August 1999.

The Award granted is in complete as follows:

  • SILVER AWARD
    Granted to PT Nippon Shokubai Indonesia with total score 532.
  • GOLDEN AWARD
    Granted to PT BASF Indonesia with total score 542.
  • BRONZE AWARD
    Granted to PT Bayer Materialscience Indonesia with total score 523.
  • PLATINUM AWARD
    Constituting Alternating Award for General Champion, granted to PT BASF Indonesia with total score 532.
Photo of Receiver of award The 1st Champion RC Award together with Irjen. Deprin, Fauzi Aziz, Presidium and Advisor of KN-RCI
  • Community Awareness and Emergency Response (CAER) Code:
    1st Champion – PT Pusri Palembang
    2nd Champion – PT Air Liquide Indonesia
    3rd Champion – PT Advance Stabilindo
Photo of Receiver of award The 2nd Champion RC Award together with Irjen. Deprin, Fauzi Aziz, Presidium and Advisor of KN-RCI.
  • Pollution Prevention Code
    1st Champion – PT Syngenta Indonesia
    2nd Champion – PT Dow Chem Indonesia
    3rd Champion – PT Pupuk Kaltim, Tbk.
  • Employee Health and Safety (EHS) Code
    1st Champion – PT DuPont Indonesia
    2nd Champion – PT Indoraya Kimia
    3rd Champion – PT Petrokimia Gresik
  • Process Safety Code
    1st Champion – PT Pupuk Kujang
    2nd Champion – PT Bina Guna Kimia
    3rd Champion – PT DyStar Indonesia
  • Distribution Code
    1st Champion – PT ICI Paint Indonesia
    2nd Champion – PT Sidomulyo Selaras
    3rd Champion – PT KAO INDONESIA CHEMICALS
Winners of The 3rd Champion RC Award take picture with Inspector General of Ministry of
Industry Fauzi Aziz KN-RCI Presidium and Advisor
  • Product Stewardship Code
    1st Champion – PT Nalco Indonesia
    2nd Champion – PT Cognis Indonesia
    3rd Champion – PT Advance Stabilindo
Mr. Ari van der Steen hoven, Director of VAPRO of China, address his presentation titled: Global Warming, the opportunity and challenge for Industry.

Responsible Care® Exhibition 2007 displays booth from PT. Prasadha Pamunah Limbah Industri (PPLI), PT Kaltim Parna Ammonia (KPA), PT BDP International Indonesia, PT. Rohm and Haas Indonesia, PT Dow Chemical Indonesia, PT Draegerindo Jaya, VAPRO of the Netherlands and KN-RCI.

KN-RCI Booth at the RC Exhibition, at The Ritz Carlton Jakarta, 28 November 2007
The Lady Kebaya of KN-RCI Leadership Team members celebrated KN-RCI Anniversary – “a forward looking”. From left to right, Urai (Dow Chemical), Deisy (BASF), Asnita (DuPont), Ika (Dow), Nane (Cognis) and Edith (Cognis).
Mr. Henry Choo, President Director of PT BASF Indonesia (left) was helped by Mr. Fauzi Aziz, Inspector General of MOI (right) to carry the Platinum Award Trophy.
Lunch break – The 4th NRCC 2007
From opening until closing sessions are never change: most of delegates of the 4th NRCC & Exhibition 2007 are seriously attend the sessions and active participation on discussion.

PT DOW CHEMICAL INDONESIA has confirmed as main sponsor for The Indonesia Responsible Care Award 2009.





Mengenali Piktogram Bahaya Bahan Kimia Seperti Rambu Lalu Lintas

3 12 2007

Pembaca setia blog Chemcare Asia, anda mungkin rata-rata sudah familiar dengan simbol-simbol bahaya dari bahan kimia atau yang biasa kita sebut sebagai piktogram. Di setiap kemasan, baik kemasan kecil, maupun besar kita sering menemui gambar-gambar simbol tersebut tercantumkan terutama pada label produk bahan. Ada yang berupa tengkorak, nyala api, dan lain sebagainya. Namun apakah user atau pekerja anda di lapangan mengerti dan memahami arti piktogram tersebut? Apakah mereka mampu mengkomunikasikan bahaya dari produk kimia berdasarkan piktogram yang mereka lihat?

Tujuan awal penggunaan piktogram bahaya adalah sebagai sarana komunikasi bahaya (Hazard Communication) dari produk tersebut di dalam Life Cycle-nya baik pada saat penggunaan (use), penanganan (handling), penyimpanan (storage), sampai pada pembuangan (disposal) akhir pun limbah bahan kimia diwajibkan untuk diberikan penandaan / label di dalam kemasannya atau kendaraan pengangkutnya.

Piktogram bahaya berbentuk hazard diamond seperti standard GHS jauh lebih mudah dan simpel untuk dimengerti dibandingkan dengan standard lain seperti NFPA dan WHMIS yang mengandalkan sistem Warna dan Kode Angka dalam komunikasi bahaya.Kedua standard tersebut cukup sulit untuk dimengerti oleh orang awam karena masing-masing kode warna dan angka memiliki interpretasi khusus yang harus dipelajari terlebih dahulu, terlebih kode-kode Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) yang beragam dan tidaklah mudah untuk mengingat kesemua informasi tersebut. Berikut contoh penandaan untuk komunikasi bahaya berdasarkan standard NFPA dan WHMIS.

Banyaknya standard dan perbedaan-perbedaan yang ada saat ini di tingkat negara dan benua telah menyebabkan berbagai kesulitan dalam pemahaman bahaya bahan kimia dan perdagangan bebas. Tidak adanya satu standard yang sama dan menjadi acuan internasional telah menggugah United Nations untuk mengeluarkan satu regulasi global agar terbentuk keharmonisan dan penyamaan persepsi terhadap bahaya bahan kimia. Bergulirlah apa yang saat ini kita kenal sebagai GHS atau Globally Harmonized System yaitu suatu standard global dalam keselamatan bahan kimia yang akan menyeragamkan Klasifikasi Bahaya, Label, serta LDKB/MSDS dari produk bahan kimia. Dengan keberadaan GHS maka akan banyak keuntungan yang akan didapat selain kesamaan dalam komunikasi bahaya dan juga kemudahan dalam perdagangan global.

Namun, dibalik segala keuntungan dan kesederhanaan yang ditawarkan oleh GHS ternyata tidaklah mudah untuk memahami dan mengenali piktogram bahaya bahan kimia yang akan diterapkan secara global pada tahun 2008 nanti. Bagaimana cara termudah dalam membaca dan mengenali piktogram baru ini agar bisa anda komunikasikan secara baik dengan seluruh karywan anda? Cara paling mudah adalah dengan menganalogikan piktogram bahaya dengan Rambu Lalu Lintas. Kenapa mudah? karena umumnya semua orang sudah mengerti dan sering sekali melihat rambu lalu lintas yang bertebaran di sepanjang jalan dan mereka mengetahui aturan main dari keberadaan rambu-rambu tersebut.

Bagaimana caranya untuk menganalogikan keduanya? Pertanyaan yang mungkin kalau bisa dijawab adalah gampang-gampang sulit. Pertama-tama anda harus menerangkan kepada karyawan anda mengapa rambu lalu lintas dipasang di jalan, yang diantaranya adalah untuk mengkomunikasikan bahaya serta regulasi lalu lintas yang terkait di jalan raya. Buatlah mereka faham bahwa rambu-rambu tersebut masing-masing memiliki arti tersendiri yang harus kita ketahui pada saat kita sedang menjadi pengguna jalan raya.

Kesalahan dalam memaknai arti rambu lalu lintas bisa berakibat fatal terhadap keselamatan anda sendiri dan keselamatan para pengguna jalan lainnya. Pelanggaran terhadap rambu-rambu tersebut juga memiliki aspek hukum yang mungkin bisa diberikan sanksi bagi yang melanggar, contohnya ditilang oleh Pak Polisi bila anda melanggar rambu yang suda dipasang.
Hal tersebut diatas berlaku pula dalam memaknai piktogram simbol bahaya dari bahan kimia. Ada regulasi yang mewajibkan penempatan label di setiap kemasan bahan kimia, dan ada kewajiban bagi anda sebagai pengguna bahan kimia untuk memahami dan mengerti arti makna piktogram tersebut.

Siapa yang wajib mengkomunikasikan piktogram bahaya tersebut? Semua user atau pengguna bahan kimia wajib mengetahui dan mengkomunikaskan bahaya bahan kimia untuk tujuan perlindungan pribadi khusunya dan perlindungan terhadap rekan kerja dan lingkungan hidup. Anda harus mengetahui rambu-rambu keselamatan pada saat anda berhadapan dengan produk bahan kimia dan mematuhi rambu-rambu tersebut untuk mencegah kerugian terhadap kesehatan dan lingkungan hidup. Adalah hak anda sebagai pengguna produk bahan kimia untuk mengetahui apa saja bahaya dari produk tersebut, kita sering menyebutnya dengan Right To Know Information. Anda berhak untuk menolak bekerja dengan produk bahan kimia bila anda tidak mengetahui potensi bahaya apa saja yang ditimbulkan baik akut maupun kronis.

Potensi bahaya bahan kimia akan selalu anda temui baik di tempat kerja, di rumah, bahkan pada saat anda berada di jalan. Hazard (Bahaya) adalah konsekuensi logis dari Risk (Risiko) dikali Exposure (Pemaparan). Mohon diingat bahwa setiap bahan kimia adalah bahan yang berbahaya akan tetapi dibatasi oleh berapa kadar yang diterima oleh tubuh. Hal itu pula yang membedakan antara Obat dan Racun. Adalah tugas anda untuk dapat meminimalisasi baik Risk atau Exposure terhadap bahan kimia agar Hazard yang ada bisa ditekan atau bahkan di-eliminasi. Piktogram bahaya akan membantu anda untuk mengetahui apa potensi bahaya dari pemaparan terhadap produk bahan kimia yang anda hadapi, dan anda harus mengambil awareness atau kewaspadaan pada saat anda melihat piktogram-piktogram tersebut. Sebagai contoh, pada saat anda melihat piktogram seperti ini:

Apa awareness yang harus anda ambil? Bagi orang awam, ada sebagian yang menginterpretasikan bahwa logo tersebut mencerminkan bahwa bahan kimia tersebut adalah Cairan Pencuci Tangan! Padahal piktogram tersebut menandakan adanya potensi bahaya Korosif dari bahan tersebut yang dapat mengkais atau merusak logam, kayu dan jaringan kulit. Oleh sebab itu apabila anda menemui piktoram tersebut, berhati-hatilah agar jangan sampai mengenai kulit anda, gunakan sarung tangan (gloves) yang sesuai!. Dari segi penyimpanan pun anda harus menempatkan bahan tersebut dalam kemasan non logam karena bila anda simpan dalam wadah / kontainer berbahan logam maka akan cepat rusak akibat dari daya rusak bahan kimia yang mampu menembus logam dan menyebabkan leakage atau kebocoran dari wadah / kontainer. Pastikan pekerja atau end user memahami hal tersebut pada saat ia sedang berhadapan dengan bahan kimia korosif. Mereka pun harus bisa mengkomunikasikan bahaya tersebut kepada orang lain yang mungkin sedang berhadapan dengan bahan tersebut.

Kesalahan dalam mengartikan piktogram bahaya bahan kimia dapat berakibat fatal, sama seperti halnya bila anda salah mengartikan rambu lalu lintas di jalan raya. Kesehatan serta nyawa dan aset perusahaan yang akan menjadi taruhannya. Sudah cukup banyak bukti-bukti nyata dari kerugian yang diakibatkan dalam kesalahan dalam manajemen bahan kimia secara tidak baik dan benar.

Penyelia atau Supervisor atau pengawas K3 di perusahaan wajib untuk memberitahu karyawannya akan potensi bahaya dari bahan kimia tersebut, beritahukan kepada mereka bila mereka lupa menggunakan APD seperti sarung tangan, masker, dll agar fungsi kontrol dapat berjalan dengan baik. Safety Talk atau briefing singkat mengenai potensi bahaya bahan kimia yang sedang atau akan dihadapi pada saat bekerja akan membantu pekerja atau personil yang berhadapan langsung dengan bahan kimia.

Bila anda sudah mengetahui rambu atau piktogram bahaya tersebut, ikutilah aturan mainnya dengan membaca secara lebih rinci di dalam dokumen MSDS / LDKB yang disertakan dalam setiap pembelian produk bahan kimia. Patuhi dan selalu ikuti semua prosedur keselamatan yang dituliskan pada MSDS.

Masih banyak contoh piktogram lain yang harus anda pahami satu persatu, silahkan hubungi kami bila tertarik untuk mempelajari Komunikasi Bahaya dan piktogram-piktogram lainnya.

to be continued…





Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) announces the death of 10 workers …

26 10 2007

AFP – Wednesday, October 24 10:13 pm

MEXICO CITY (AFP) – At least 10 people died after two oil platforms crashed into each other in high winds in the Gulf of Mexico, causing a gas leak that forced the evacuation of all workers in the area, state oil firm Pemex said Wednesday.

“Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) announces the death of 10 workers … on board the Usumacinta platform” the Mexican company said in a statement.

It said 58 out of a total of 81 Pemex employees and contract workers on the oil rig have been rescued, including five sailors taking part in the rescue operation.

Pemex did not say what has happened to the other people unaccounted for, but there were eight helicopters and four ships from the Mexican navy searching the area for survivors.

The accident occurred late Tuesday amid high winds and heavy seas when the two platforms crashed into each other.

“Due to wind gusts of up to 130 kilometers (80 miles) per hour and waves of six to eight meters (19-26 feet) … the Usumacinta drilling platform struck the valve train of Kab-101 platform,” Pemex said in its statement.

“Weather conditions in the are have made it impossible to reach an emergency life boat that has already been spotted and which we presume could be carrying the staff that was working on the platforms,” it added.

Campeche Governor Jorge Hurtado, off whose state shores the accident occurred, said the crash triggered some fires around the damaged platforms.

Oil spill teams were heading to the accident area to stem the gas leak and clean up any oil spill, officials said.

 





Five steps to risk assessment

29 09 2007

A risk assessment is an important step in protecting your workers and your
business, as well as complying with the law. It helps you focus on the risks that
really matter in your workplace – the ones with the potential to cause real harm. In
many instances, straightforward measures can readily control risks, for example
ensuring spillages are cleaned up promptly so people do not slip, or cupboard
drawers are kept closed to ensure people do not trip. For most, that means
simple, cheap and effective measures to ensure your most valuable asset – your
workforce – is protected.

he law does not expect you to eliminate all risk, but you are required to protect
people as far as ‘reasonably practicable’. This guide tells you how to achieve that
with a minimum of fuss.

This is not the only way to do a risk assessment, there are other methods that
work well, particularly for more complex risks and circumstances. However, we
believe this method is the most straightforward for most organisations.

What is risk assessment?
A risk assessment is simply a careful examination of what, in your work, could
cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough
precautions or should do more to prevent harm. Workers and others have a right
to be protected from harm caused by a failure to take reasonable control
measures.

Accidents and ill health can ruin lives and affect your business too if output is lost,
machinery is damaged, insurance costs increase or you have to go to court. You
are legally required to assess the risks in your workplace so that you put in place a
plan to control the risks.

How to assess the risks in your workplace?
Follow these five steps:

Step 1
Identify the hazards

Step 2
Decide who might be harmed and how

Step 3
Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions

Step 4
Record your findings and implement them

Step 5
Review your assessment and update if necessary

Don’t overcomplicate the process. In many organisations, the risks are well known
and the necessary control measures are easy to apply. You probably already know
whether, for example, you have employees who move heavy loads and so could
harm their backs, or where people are most likely to slip or trip. If so, check that
you have taken reasonable precautions to avoid injury.

If you run a small organisation and you are confident you understand what’s
involved, you can do the assessment yourself. You don’t have to be a health and
safety expert.

If you work in a larger organisation, you could ask a health and safety advisor to
help you. If you are not confident, get help from someone who is competent. In all
cases, you should make sure that you involve your staff or their representatives in
the process. They will have useful information about how the work is done that will
make your assessment of the risk more thorough and effective. But remember, you
are responsible for seeing that the assessment is carried out properly.

When thinking about your risk assessment, remember:

  • a hazard is anything that may cause harm, such as chemicals, electricity, working from ladders, an open drawer etc;
  • the risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.

Step 1
Identify the hazards

First you need to work out how people could be harmed. When you work in a
place every day it is easy to overlook some hazards, so here are some tips to help
you identify the ones that matter:

  • Walk around your workplace and look at what could reasonably be expected to cause harm.
  • Ask your employees or their representatives what they think. They may have noticed things that are not immediately obvious to you.
  • If you are a member of a trade association, contact them. Many produce very helpful guidance.
  • Check manufacturers’ instructions or data sheets for chemicals and equipment as they can be very helpful in spelling out the hazards and putting them in their true perspective.
  • Have a look back at your accident and ill-health records – these often help to identify the less obvious hazards.
  • Remember to think about long-term hazards to health (eg high levels of noise or exposure to harmful substances) as well as safety hazards.

Step 2
Decide who might be harmed and how
For each hazard you need to be clear about who might be harmed; it will help you
identify the best way of managing the risk. That doesn’t mean listing everyone by
name, but rather identifying groups of people (eg ‘people working in the storeroom’
or ‘passers-by’).
In each case, identify how they might be harmed, ie what type of injury or ill health
might occur. For example, ‘shelf stackers may suffer back injury from repeated
lifting of boxes’.
Remember:

  • some workers have particular requirements, eg new and young workers, new or expectant mothers and people with disabilities may be at particular risk. Extra thought will be needed for some hazards;
  • cleaners, visitors, contractors, maintenance workers etc, who may not be in the workplace all the time;
  • members of the public, if they could be hurt by your activities;
  • if you share your workplace, you will need to think about how your work affects others present, as well as how their work affects your staff – talk to them; and
  • ask your staff if they can think of anyone you may have missed.

Step 3
Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions
Having spotted the hazards, you then have to decide what to do about them. The
law requires you to do everything ‘reasonably practicable’ to protect people from
harm. You can work this out for yourself, but the easiest way is to compare what
you are doing with good practice.
So first, look at what you’re already doing, think about what controls you have in
place and how the work is organised. Then compare this with the good practice
and see if there’s more you should be doing to bring yourself up to standard. In
asking yourself this, consider:

  • Can I get rid of the hazard altogether?
  • If not, how can I control the risks so that harm is unlikely?

When controlling risks, apply the principles below, if possible in the following order:

  • try a less risky option (eg switch to using a less hazardous chemical);
  • prevent access to the hazard (eg by guarding);
  • organise work to reduce exposure to the hazard (eg put barriers between pedestrians and traffic);
  • issue personal protective equipment (eg clothing, footwear, goggles etc); and
  • provide welfare facilities (eg first aid and washing facilities for removal of contamination).

Improving health and safety need not cost a lot. For instance, placing a mirror on a
dangerous blind corner to help prevent vehicle accidents is a low-cost precaution
considering the risks. Failure to take simple precautions can cost you a lot more if
an accident does happen.
Involve staff, so that you can be sure that what you propose to do will work in
practice and won’t introduce any new hazards.

Step 4
Record your findings and implement them
Putting the results of your risk assessment into practice will make a difference
when looking after people and your business.
Writing down the results of your risk assessment, and sharing them with your staff,
encourages you to do this. If you have fewer than five employees you do not have
to write anything down, though it is useful so that you can review it at a later date
if, for example, something changes.
When writing down your results, keep it simple, for example ‘Tripping over rubbish:
bins provided, staff instructed, weekly housekeeping checks’, or ‘Fume from
welding: local exhaust ventilation used and regularly checked’.

We do not expect a risk assessment to be perfect, but it must be suitable and
sufficient. You need to be able to show that:

  • a proper check was made;
  • you asked who might be affected;
  • you dealt with all the significant hazards, taking into account the number of people who could be involved;
  • the precautions are reasonable, and the remaining risk is low; and
  • you involved your staff or their representatives in the process.

There is a template at the end of this leaflet that you can print off and use.
If, like many businesses, you find that there are quite a lot of improvements that
you could make, big and small, don’t try to do everything at once. Make a plan of
action to deal with the most important things first. Health and safety inspectors
acknowledge the efforts of businesses that are clearly trying to make
improvements.
A good plan of action often includes a mixture of different things such as:

  • a few cheap or easy improvements that can be done quickly, perhaps as a temporary solution until more reliable controls are in place;
  • long-term solutions to those risks most likely to cause accidents or ill health;
  • long-term solutions to those risks with the worst potential consequences;
  • arrangements for training employees on the main risks that remain and howthey are to be controlled;
  • regular checks to make sure that the control measures stay in place; and clear responsibilities – who will lead on what action, and by when.

Remember, prioritise and tackle the most important things first. As you complete
each action, tick it off your plan.

Step 5
Review your risk assessment and update if necessary
Few workplaces stay the same. Sooner or later, you will bring in new equipment,
substances and procedures that could lead to new hazards. It makes sense,
therefore, to review what you are doing on an ongoing basis. Every year or so
formally review where you are, to make sure you are still improving, or at least not
sliding back.
Look at your risk assessment again. Have there been any changes? Are there
improvements you still need to make? Have your workers spotted a problem?
Have you learnt anything from accidents or near misses? Make sure your risk
assessment stays up to date.
When you are running a business it’s all too easy to forget about reviewing your
risk assessment – until something has gone wrong and it’s too late. Why not set a
review date for this risk assessment now? Write it down and note it in your diary as
an annual event.
During the year, if there is a significant change, don’t wait. Check your risk
assessment and, where necessary, amend it. If possible, it is best to think about
the risk assessment when you’re planning your change – that way you leave
yourself more flexibility.

Some frequently asked questions

What if the work I do tends to vary a lot, or I (or my employees) move from
one site to another?

Identify the hazards you can reasonably expect and assess the risks from them.
This general assessment should stand you in good stead for the majority of your
work. Where you do take on work or a new site that is different, cover any new or
different hazards with a specific assessment. You do not have to start from scratch
each time.

What if I share a workplace?
Tell the other employers and self-employed people there about any risks your work
could cause them, and what precautions you are taking. Also, think about the risks
to your own workforce from those who share your workplace.

Do my employees have responsibilities?
Yes. Employees have legal responsibilities to co-operate with their employer’s
efforts to improve health and safety (eg they must wear protective equipment when
it is provided), and to look out for each other.

What if one of my employee’s circumstances change?
You’ll need to look again at the risk assessment. You are required to carry out a
specific risk assessment for new or expectant mothers, as some tasks (heavy lifting
or work with chemicals for example) may not be appropriate. If an employee
develops a disability then you are required to make reasonable adjustments.
People returning to work following major surgery may also have particular
requirements. If you put your mind to it, you can almost always find a way forward
that works for you and your employees.

What if I have already assessed some of the risks?
If, for example, you use hazardous chemicals and you have already assessed the
risks to health and the precautions you need to take under the Control of
Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH), you can consider them
‘checked’ and move on.





Youtube: Process Safety Videos

26 09 2007

Youtube (www.youtube.com) is a video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. YouTube was created in mid February 2005 by three former PayPal employees. The San Bruno-based service uses Adobe Flash technology to display a wide variety of video content, including movie clips, TV clips and music videos, as well as amateur content such as videoblogging and short original videos. In October 2006, Google Inc. announced that it had reached a deal to acquire the company for US$1.65 billion in Google stock. The deal closed on November 13, 2006.

The great things about Youtube is that unregistered users can watch most videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos. Some videos are available only to users of age 18 or older. Related videos, determined by title and tags, appear onscreen to the right of a given video. In YouTube’s second year, functions were added to enhance user ability to post video ‘responses’ and subscribe to content feeds.

Below is some related Process Safety Video that we found on Youtube, we hope you can found a lesson learned about Process Safety from this video’s. Happy watching folks!

Explosion at BP Refinery

Public Worker Safety: Wastewater Plant Explosion

Vinyl Chloride Explosion and Fire

Dangers of Flammable Gas Accumulation





Ledakan Batan Akibat Kebocoran Gas

19 09 2007

TANGERANG — Ledakan yang terjadi di Laboratorium Crystal Growing, Gedung 71 Pusat Penelitian Ilmu Pengetahuan (Puspitek) Serpong, Kabupaten Tangerang, pada Senin (10/9), diduga kuat diakibatkan kebocoran pada peralatan penelitian. Menurut Menteri Riset dan Teknologi (Menristek) Kusmayadi Kadiman, kebocoran tersebut mengakibatkan ekspansi gas secara tiba-tiba ke seluruh ruangan yang kemudian memicu ledakan.
”Kecelakaan terjadi di luar kegiatan nuklir atau di luar pagar kuning yang membatasi antara kegiatan nuklir dengan non-nuklir,” kata Menristek ketika meninjau lokasi, Selasa (11/9).

Ledakan tersebut, lanjutnya, terjadi ketika dilakukan kegiatan dari penelitian yang berjudul Inovasi Pengembangan Bahan Bakar Baru Pengganti Solar Sebagai Energi Alternatif Untuk Industri. Ledakan terjadi ketika dilakukan percobaan untuk mendapat zat aditif yang bisa menaikkan kualitas tingkat energi bahan bakar nabati (biofuel).

”Pada percobaan tersebut, dihasilkan gas yang merupakan hasil reaksi antara senyawa nitrat dengan butanol dengan sifat yang mempunyai sifat mudah meledak tapi tidak mudah terbakar,” kata Menristek yang mengaku masih belum tahu jenis gas yang dimakud.

Adanya kebocoran, lanjutnya, mengakibatkan gas tersebut bereskpansi secara tiba-tiba yang kemudian mencapai kondisi blast point yang mengakibatkan ledakan. ”Analoginya jika tabung gas elpiji bocor gas akan mengisi ruangan, sehingga jika terpercik api akan terjadi kebakaran,” kata Menristek.

Dalam kasus ini, lanjut Menristek, yang dominan adalah ledakan sementara unsur kebakaran tidak terjadi secara signifikan. ”Dari hasil pandangan mata tidak terlihat efek kebakaran,” kata Menristek seraya menyatakan tidak tertutup kemungkinan terjadi kebakaran ringan. Pada ledakan tersebut, lanjutnya, terjadi efek lorong (tunnel effect) yang mengakibatkan tekanan lebih tinggi pada area sempit yang mengakibatkan dinding-dinding pada area lorong menjadi roboh.

Penelitian untuk mencari alternatif substitusi solar tersebut dilakukan sejak Februari 2007 hingga November 2007 dengan dana Rp 175 juta yang berasal dari pemerintah. Kegiatan pertama penelitian tersebut adalah sintesa bahan biofuel atau biodiesel dengan teknik ultrasonik yang menggunakan metode ekstrifikasi. Kegiatan kedua adalah pembuatan bahan aditif terkait usaha meningkatkan nilai angka sectan untuk Marine Fuel Oil (MFO), agar pembakaran bahan bakar tersebut lebih efektif.

Bertindak sebagai peneliti utama adalah Profesor Munawir Zulkarnaen dibantu DR Ing Puji Untoro sebagai peneliti pendukung serta didampingi dua teknisi yakni Sanda Ssi, serta Agus Sujatno Amd. Hingga Selasa (11/9) sore, Profesor Munawir Zulkarnaen serta DR Ing Puji Untoro masih menjalani perawatan di RS Fatmawati, Jakarta. Sedangkan dua lainnya telah diperbolehkan pulang.

Sementara itu Kepala Pusitek BATAN Hudi Hastowo menyatakan, ledakan yang mengakibatkan kerusakan hingga 80 persen ruangan Laboratorium Crystal Gowing tersebut mencapai Rp 3,12 milyar.

Sumber: Republika, Rabu, 12 September 2007, hal 22 kol 4-5








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